FAQ: What Is An Autologous Blood Donation?

What is autologous blood and why is it used?

Autologous donor programs allow a patient to donate blood for their own use. Autologous transfusion indicates that the blood donor and transfusion recipient are identical. This is the safest possible transfusion a patient can receive and is an excellent option for patients facing elective surgery.

What is an autologous blood donation process?

An autologous blood donation is when a person donates blood for their own use before or during a scheduled surgery. When the blood is given back, it is called an autologous blood transfusion. This is in contrast to an allogeneic blood transfusion, in which blood from another person is used.

What is autologous donation and how is it beneficial?

Autologous blood transfusion may reduce the transfusion-associated mortality by 70%. Another advantage of preoperative autologous blood donation is the increase in erythropoiesis. Immunologic and viral infectious complications have not been reported with transfusion of autologous blood.

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What is the meaning of autologous blood transfusion?

Autologous blood transfusion, which also is referred to frequently but incorrectly and imprecisely as auto transfusion, designates the reinfusion of blood or blood components to the same individual from whom they were taken.

Who is the best candidate for autologous donation?

Who is the best candidate for a predeposit autologous donation? The 45-year-old man with alloanti-k is the best candidate for predeposit autologous donation because compatible blood will be hard to find if he needs blood after surgery.

What type of IV fluid is compatible with blood?

Normal saline is the only compatible solution to use with the blood or blood component. Crystalloid solutions and medications may cause agglutination and/or hemolysis of the blood or blood components.

What will disqualify you from donating blood?

You have blood-related health issues Blood and bleeding diseases or issues will often disqualify you from donating blood. If you suffer from hemophilia, Von Willebrand disease, hereditary hemochromatosis, or sickle cell disease, you are not eligible to donate blood.

How much does autologous blood cost?

The total cost of acquisition, processing, and transfusion of 1 U of preoperatively donated autologous blood was $97.83. The total cost of a 2-U transfusion of autologous whole blood donated in the operating room during acute normovolemic hemodilution was $83.10.

Do Jehovah Witnesses accept autologous blood?

Nearly all Jehovah’s Witnesses refuse transfusions of whole blood (including preoperative autologous donation) and the primary blood components – red cells, platelets, white cells and unfractionated plasma.

What are the criteria for autologous donors as related to?

1. The donation is for autologous use only, as prescribed by the donor’s physician; 2. The donor has a hemoglobin level no less than 11.0 grams of hemoglobin per deciliter of blood or a hematocrit value no less than 33 percent; and 3.

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How long is autologous blood good for?

The blood drawn from the patients can be left in storage as whole blood up to 21 days or be fractionated into plasma and packed red blood cells (RBC) and stored for 42 days. Those patients scheduled for surgery beyond 42 days can have their blood stored frozen for up to 6 months.

Can you save your own blood?

Yes you can. This is called “autologous” blood donation. It’s done in the weeks before non-emergency surgery. The blood is stored until the operation.

Who receives blood during an autologous transfusion?

Autologous blood transfusion is the collection of blood from a single patient and retransfusion back to the same patient when required. This is in contrast to allogenic blood transfusion where blood from unrelated/anonymous donors is transfused to the recipient.

What is meant by autologous?

1: derived from the same individual incubated lymphoid cells with autologous tumor cells. 2: involving one individual as both donor and recipient an autologous blood transfusion an autologous bone marrow transplant.

Can you Reinfuse your own blood?

But new research suggests that collecting, cleaning, and reinfusing a patient’s own lost blood during surgery — a process called ” autologous transfusion ” — is a safe, effective, and cost-saving alternative.

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