FAQ: Why Should Minorities Be Concerned About Organ Donation?

Does race matter in organ donation?

The short answer: maybe. Although organs are not matched by race and ethnicity, and people of different races frequently match one another, all individuals waiting for an organ transplant will have a better chance of receiving a transplant if there are large numbers of donors from their racial or ethnic background.

How does ethnicity affect organ donation?

For many patients in need of a transplant the best match will come from a donor from the same ethnic background. Kidney donors and recipients are matched by blood group and tissue type, and people from the same ethnic background are more likely to have matching blood groups and tissue types.

What religions do not allow organ donation?

No religion forbid this practice. Directed organ donation to people of the same religion has been proposed only by some Orthodox Jews and some Islamic Ulemas/Muftis. Only some Muslim Ulemas/Muftis and some Asian religions may prefer living donation over cadaveric donation.

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What is the problem with organ donation?

A major issue in organ transplantation is the definition of death and particularly brain death. Another major critical factor is the internal tendency of a specific society to donate organs.

Can a white person give bone marrow to a black person?

In 2008, 40 percent of caucasians who didn’t have a bone marrow match in their own family were able to receive a transplant through the national marrow donor program. The rate for African-Americans was 15 percent. One reason for the difference is that fewer black people sign up to be donors than white people.

Why you shouldn’t be an organ donor?

During a study by the National Institutes of Health, those opposed to organ donation cited reasons such as mistrust of the system and worrying that their organs would go to someone not deserving of them (e.g., a “bad” person or someone whose poor lifestyle choices caused their illness).

Can a male receive a female kidney?

Only in some exceptional conditions, male donor to female recipient kidney transplant may be successful and female donors to male recipients are not suggested, especially in aged patients with the history of dialysis.

Do you have to be the same ethnicity to donate bone marrow?

You can’t donate stem cells or bone marrow to your relative if you’re not a match. It’s sometimes possible to get a match from someone outside of the family. To find a matched unrelated donor, it’s usually necessary to search large numbers of people whose tissue type has been tested.

Is it a sin to donate organs?

Christians generally support organ donation as an altruistic act and leaves the process as an individual decision. The Church of England has stated that organ donation is an act of Christian duty.

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What religions do not cremate?

Of all world religions, Islam is probably the most strongly opposed to cremation. Unlike Judaism and Christianity, there is little diversity of opinion about it. Cremation is considered by Islam to be an unclean practice.

What is the most transplanted organ?

In the United States, the most commonly transplanted organs are the kidney, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas and intestines. On any given day there are around 75,000 people on the active waiting list for organs, but only around 8,000 deceased organ donors each year, with each providing on average 3.5 organs.

What disqualifies you from being an organ donor?

Just about anyone, at any age, can become an organ donor. Certain conditions, such as having HIV, actively spreading cancer, or severe infection would exclude organ donation. Having a serious condition like cancer, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease can prevent you from donating as a living donor.

What is the organ in greatest demand?

Kidneys are the organs in most demand across the country according to the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The next highest need in Illinois is the more than 300 people waiting for liver transplants.

What is causing the organ shortage?

However, the unavailability of adequate organs for transplantation to meet the existing demand has resulted in major organ shortage crises. As a result there has been a major increase in the number of patients on transplant waiting lists as well as in the number of patients dying while on the waiting list.

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